MP Board Class 8th Social Science Solutions Chapter 24 Economic Development of Australia Continent
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MP Board Class 8th Social Science Chapter 24 Text Book Exercise Choose the correct option of the following Question 1.
From which metal aluminium is made?
(b) Bauxite Question 2.
The original people of New Zealand are called:
(d) none of above
(d) none of above Question 3.
The capital of Australia is
(a) Sydney Fill in the blanks:
- The main crop of Australia continent is …………
- The high quality wool is obtained from ………… sheep.
- The worship place of Australian people is called …………
- The farming is done in Australia on ………….. percent land.
MP Board Class 8th Social Science Chapter 24 Very Short Answer Type Questions Question 1.
Write the name of the biggest rail route in Australia Continent?
The Trans-Australian Railways is the biggest rail network in Australia that runs between Sydney (eastern coast) and Perth (in the west) the total length of this route is 4000 kms. Question 2.
Write the name of famous gold mines in Australia?
Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie are the famous gold mines in western Australia. Question 3.
Which island is situated in south-east of Australia?
Tasmania Island lies in the south-east of Australia. Question 4.
Which are labourers called who work on sheep-rearing centres?
The labourers who work on sheep rearingh are called Jackarooes. They graze sheeps and attend them. MP Board Class 8th Social Science Chapter 24 Short Answer Type Questions Question 1.
Where and why grapes are cultivated in Australia continent?
A variety of fruits are also grown in Australia. While in South grapes are grown in abundance. The climate of this region is suitable for grape-farming. The wine made of grapes is exported.
Which are the favourable conditions for the farming of wheat in Australia Continent?
Wheat is the most important crop of Australia. Half of the total land under cultivation is used for producing wheat. There are big farms here. All the farming works are done by machines. The wheat is produced in winter. The main wheat producing areas are downs, plains, coastal western-southern Australia and Kenterburry plains of New Zealand. Here the fertile soil, the temperature climate and normal rains are suitable for the wheat crop. Question 3.
Which are the major minerals found in Australia ? Write the names of producing areas?
In the major part of Australia there are mountains plateaus and deserts. It is one of the oldest land in the world. There are mines of iron ore, bauxite, manganese and gold. Besides these, silver, uranium, thorium, copper and tin mines in abundance in
Australia. Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie are the famous gold mines in western Australia. There are also big mines in Queensland. Bauxite is in plenty in Australia but fairly good amount is used by its own industries hence it is exported in less quantity.
Aluminium is made of bauxite. Opal a milky colour metal is found here which is used in manufacturing of bangles and things. Coal is found in the mines of New South Wales, Queensland and New Zealand. Natural Oil and Gas are found in the Downs and Western Coastal Australia.
MP Board Class 8th Social Science Chapter 24 Long Answer Type Questions Question 1.
Why sheep rearing industry is advanced in Australia?
Sheeps are mainly reared for wool in Australia. Few sheep are reared for meat also. Nearly 18 crore sheeps are reared in Australia Continent. Here sheeps are kept in big farm house which is called sheep rearing centre. These Centres spread in several kilometres. The region lying near Murray-Darling rivers are most suitable for sheep rearing.
New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland and New Zealand are Chief Centres for sheep rearing. Marino sheeps are nearest for wool. Very high quality wool is achieved from Marino sheeps. The wool is taken by machines from the sheep. The wool is graded and pressure into bales and then exported Marino wool fatches high prices so it is economically beneficial. Because sheeps are reared in abundance so this industry is becoming advance in Australia. Question 2.
Where and why dense population is found in Australia?
The high population is mostly in south-east, south-west and eastern coastal area in Australia. These regions are plains and agriculture is main occupation of the people of Australia like India, the original people of Australia is known as aboriginal and original people of New Zealand are known as Maories. So south-east, South-west and eastern coastal areas are densely populated.
Mention about two chief industries of Australia Continent?
Australia has made treremendous progress in industrial sector and this all is due to the use of latest technology. The high-level administration capability cheap and skilled labour and competitive industrial policy are the main factors of industrial development in Australia. The two main industries are:
- Iron and Steel industry
- Woollen clothes.
Most of the manufacturing industries are located in New South Wales, Victoria and New Zealand. Besides these two industries there are agriculture machines, motor vehicles, electrical goods, chemicals, papers, ships, machine tools and oil machines, milk products, cotton clothes tinned fruit and meat industries. Project Work Show the following in the map of Australia continent.
- Any one wheat producing area
- Goldmines of Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie
- NewZealand, Tasmania islands
- One state of sheep rearing
- Melbourne Brisbane and Sydnv cities
- The first last stations of Trans-Australian rail route.
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