Active and Passive Voice Rules, Example, Exercise for Competitive Exam 2021

Active and Passive Voice – Rules, Tricks, Charts, Exercises, Examples & PDF…

Active Voice के वाक्यों में Subject जो कि क्रिया {Verb/Action} को करता है, उसका स्थान Verb {क्रिया} से पहले आता है और जिस Object पर उस क्रिया {Verb/Action} का प्रभाव पडता है, वो Verb {क्रिया} के बाद आता है। यानि, सबसे पहले क्रिया को करने वाला Subject, उसके बाद क्रिया और उसके बाद आखिर में Object. {Subject + Verb {Action} + Object}
The subject performs the action and comes before the action; whereas, the Object receives the action and comes after the action.

Passive Voice के वाक्यों में ठीक इसका उल्टा होता है यानि सबसे पहले Object, उसके बाद क्रिया और फिर क्रिया को करने वाला Subject. जो Active Voice का Subject होता है, वो Passive Voice में सबसे आखिर में आता है, जबकि जो Active Voice का Object होता है, वो Passive Voice में सबसे पहले आता है। एक महत्वपूर्ण बात और कि Passive Voice के वाक्यों में हमेशा Verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।
Passive Voice Structure: Exactly opposite to Active voice structure.

Read More: Tense in English Grammar in Hindi – Types, Rules, Charts, PDF 2021

Active and Passive Voice – Rules, Tricks, Charts, Exercises, Examples & PDF…
  • 5 TOPICS TO COVERED ONE BY ONE:
  • 1) Passive of Tenses
  • 2) Passive of Modal Verbs
  • 3) Passive of LET
  • 4) Passive of Imperative Sentences
  • 5) Passive of Infinitives

Let’s understand the Active and Passive Voice Rules, Tricks with the help of this video…

To get triumph in Competitive Exams candidates need to score well in every section of the exam paper. There are certain topics which are common in every Competitive Exam. A candidate must be having a good command on such topics to get a good rank.

English has now been an essential part of every competitive exam and grammar is its core. In this blog, we will talk about Active and Passive Voice.

In Active Voice, a sentence emphasizes subject performing an action while in Passive Voice sentence emphasizes the action or the object of the sentence.

To know how a sentence is converted in Passive voice from Active voice, we need to go through certain rules with examples based on it.

Active and Passive Voice Rules for All Tenses

Here, we are listing out the Active and Passive Voice Rules for all tenses. You will come to know how an auxiliary verb is used to change a sentence from Active to Passive voice.

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Simple Tense

Here in this table, we are elaborating Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for Present Simple.

Active VoicePassive Voice(Auxiliary Verb – is/am/are)
Subject + V1+s/es+ objectObject+ is/am/are+ V3+ by + subject
Subject + Do/does+ not + V1 + ObjectObject + is/am/are+ not + V3+ by Subject
Does+ Subject+ V1+Object+?Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject +?

Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Present Simple Tense

Active: He reads a novel.

Passive: A novel is read.

Active: He does not cook food.

Passive: Food is not cooked by him.

Active: Does he purchase books?

Passive: Are books purchased by him?

Active: They grow plants.

Passive: Plants are grown by them.

Active: She teaches me.

Passive: I am taught by her.

Ncert Books For Class 1 To 12

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Continuous Tense

Below we will explain the Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for Present Continuous tense.

Active VoicePassive Voice(Auxiliary Verb- is/am/are + being)
Subject + is/am/are+ v1+ ing + objectObject+ is/am/are+ being+ V3+ by + subject
Subject + is/am/are+ not+ v1+ ing+ objectObject + is/am/are+ not + being+V3+ by Subject
Is/am/are+ subject+v1+ing + object+?Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject +?

Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Present Continuous Tense

Active: Esha is singing a song.

Passive: A song is being sung by Esha.

Active: Kritika is not chopping vegetables.

Passive: Vegetables are not being chopped by Kritika.

Active: Is Ritika buying a table?

Passive: Is a table being bought by Ritika?

Active: They are serving poor people.

Passive: Poor people are being served by them.

Active: She is disturbing Dinesh.

Passive: Dinesh is being disturbed by her.

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Perfect Tense

You can understand passive voice for present perfect tense from the list which are given below.

Active VoicePassive Voice(Auxiliary Verb- has/have +been)
Subject + has/have+ v3+ objectObject+ has/have+ been+ V3+ by + subject
Subject + has/have+ not+ v3+ objectObject + has/have+ not + been+V3+ by Subject
Has/have+ subject+ v3 + object+?Has/Have + Object+ been+V3+ by subject +?

Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Present Perfect Tense

Active: Nitesh has challenged her.

Passive: She has been challenged by Nitesh.

Active: Radhika has not written an article.

Passive: An article has not been written by Radhika.

Active: Have they left the apartment?

Passive: Has apartment been left by them?

Active: She has created this masterpiece.

Passive: This masterpiece has been created by her.

Active: I have read the newspaper.

Passive: The newspaper has been read by me.

Reference Book Solutions

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past Simple Tense

Here in the below table, you can check Active and Passive Voice Rules for past simple tense.

Active VoicePassive Voice(Auxiliary Verb- was/were)
Subject + V2+ objectObject+ was/were V3+ by + subject
Subject +did+ not+v1+ objectObject + was/were+ not +V3+ by Subject
Did+ subject+V1+ object+?Was/were + Object+ V3+ by subject +?

Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Past Simple Tense

Active:  Reema cleaned the floor.

Passive: The floor was cleaned by Reema.

Active: Aisha bought a bicycle.

Passive: A bicycle was bought by Aisha.

Active: Naman called my friends.

Passive: My friends were called by Naman.

Active: I saved him.

Passive: He was saved by me.

Active: Miraya paid the bills.

Passive: The bills were paid by Miraya.

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past Continuous Tense

We can easily convert sentences from Active to Passive Voice according to given rules below.

Active VoicePassive Voice(Auxiliary Verb- was/were + being)
Subject + was/were + v1+ing+ object.Object+ was/were +being+V3+ by + subject
Subject +was/were+ not+v1+ing + objectObject + was/were+ not +being+V3+ by Subject
Was/were+ Subject + V1+ing + object+?Was/were + Object+ being+v3+ by+ subject+?

Active and Passive Voice Examples with Answers of Past Continuous Tense

Active: Nitika was painting the wall.

Passive: The wall was being painted by Nitika.

Active: Manish was repairing the car.

Passive: The car was being repaired by Manish.

Active: Were you reciting the poem?

Passive: Was the poem being recited?

Active: She was baking the cake.

Passive: The cake was being baked by her.

Active: She was watching me.

Passive: I was being watched by her.

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past Perfect Tense

There are certain Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past perfect tense, with these only you can convert any sentence in Passive Voice.

Active VoicePassive Voice(Auxiliary Verb- had +been)
Subject + had + v3+ object.Object+ had+been +V3+ by + subject
Subject +had+ not+v3+ objectObject + had+ not +been+V3+ by Subject
Had+ Subject + V3+ object+?Had + Object+ been+v3+ by+ subject+?

Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Past Perfect Tense

Active: Misha had cleaned the floor.

Passive: The floor had been cleaned by Misha.

Active: Vidhi had not received the parcel.

Passive: The parcel had not been received by Vidhi.

Active: Vishal had solved the doubt.

Passive: The doubt had been solved.

Active: Had they caught the thief?

Passive: Had the thief been caught by them?

Active: I had paid fifty thousand.

Passive: Fifty thousand had been paid by me.

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Future Simple Tense

You can check Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules chart for future simple tense.

Active VoicePassive Voice(Auxiliary Verb- will+ be)
Subject + will+ v1+ object.Object+ will+ be +V3+ by + subject
Subject +will + not+ V1+objectObject + will+ not +be+V3+ by Subject
Will+ Subject + V1+ object+?Will + Object+ be +v3+ by+ subject+?

We can better understand Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for future simple tense.

Active and Passive Voice Examples with Answers of Future Simple Tense

Active: Kriya will sew the bag.

Passive: The bag will be sewed by Kriya.

Active: Disha will not arrange the things.

Passive: The things will not be arranged by Disha.

Active: Will you mop the floor?

Passive: Will the floor be mopped by you?

Active: They will post the letter.

Passive: The letter will be posted.

Active: Reena will save money.

Passive: Money will be saved by Reena.

Ncert Solution

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Future Perfect Tense

Here, we are sharing the Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules chart for future perfect tense.

Active VoicePassive Voice
Subject + will+ have +v3+ object.Object+ will+ have+ been +V3+ by + subject
Subject + will+ have +not+v3+ object.Object + will+ have +not+been+v3+ subject
Will+ Subject+have+v3+ object+?Will + object+have+been+v3+by +subject+?

Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Future Perfect Tense

Active: They will have brought the toy.

Passive: The toy will have been brought by them.

Active: Nimesh will not have changed the table cover.

Passive: The table cover will not have been changed by Nimesh.

Active: Will she have written the notes.

Passive: Will the notes have been written by her?

Active: They will have won the match.

Passive: The match will have been won by them.

Active: Vijay will have washed a shirt.

Passive: A shirt will have been washed by Vijay.

There is no Passive Voice formation for these tenses-

1.) Present Perfect Continuous Tense

2.) Past Perfect Continuous Tense

3.) Future Perfect Continuous Tense

4.) Future Continuous Tense

So, Candidates, now you must have got all the information for making changes in a sentence with Active and Passive Voice Rules of all tenses. Practice set and examples of Active and Passive Voice will help you to clear the fundamentals and score well in competitive exams.

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