Medical Courses | Eligibility Criteria, Benefits, Admission Process and Scope

Medical Courses: Ever since the rapid development in scientific research of human anatomy, the profession in medical science has become one of the best industries in India. In India, students are offered medical courses in various fields and specialized branches such as the medical field, biomedical sciences, pharmaceuticals, nursing sciences, health, nutrition, and fitness. A student practicing medicine in India needs to follow the Hippocratic Oath.

The Hippocratic Oath is one of the oldest Greek texts of medical ethics which is followed by physicians, medical practitioners, and teachers all over the world.

Medical Courses | Eligibility Criteria, Benefits, Admission Process and Scope
Medical Courses | Eligibility Criteria, Benefits, Admission Process and Scope

This oath binds the rationed of medicine and science, to be honest, and transparent in all aspects of medical responsibilities and teaching. In India, students holding a degree in health and medical sciences get job opportunities in private as well as government hospitals, laboratories, and pharmaceutical research teams.

Get to Know More about other types of Course Details in Streamwise, and Category wise.

List of Medical Courses

Candidates who want to pursue their career in Medical Field can have a look at the following specializations. Go through the quick links available and choose the specialization as per your interest. All you need to do is just tap on the links available below and know the complete details.

Get to know about Eligibility Criteria, Admission Procedure, Fee Structure for each of the course and join accordingly.

Read Also: Best Engineering Courses in India – Course Duration, Admission Process, Colleges List, Fees, Eligibility, Career Options, Salary

MBBS course overview

ParticularsDetails
Course nameBachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery – MBBS
Duration of course5.5 years
EligibilityQualified or appeared in class 12 examinations with at least 50% marks.
Minimum age17 years of age
Exam acceptedNEET-UG
Number of seats88370 (as per the latest NMC data)
Number of colleges595 medical, 15 AIIMS and 2 JIPMER

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

BDS is one of the most popular medical courses in India. The duration of the BDS course is 5 years which includes a year-long rotatory internship. During the BDS course, candidates gain theoretical knowledge and practical dental surgery training. Like MBBS, to pursue BDS course candidates must have attained a minimum of 17 years of age and should have completed their class 12 with three core science subjects. Admission to the BDS course is granted on the basis of the NEET score. Only candidates who qualify in the NEET-UG exam bypassing the minimum cutoff are eligible to get admission to BDS in any dental college.

There are a total of 26,949 Bachelors of Dental Surgery seats across 313 dental colleges in India. According to the latest NIRF rankings, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Karnataka is the best institute to pursue a BDS course. Other top dental colleges include 

Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, SIMATS Chennai – Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences to name a few. The fees for BDS varies across different dental colleges. BDS fees in private universities are on a higher end as compared to government or state colleges.

BDS course overview

ParticularsDetails
Course nameBachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
Duration of course5 years
EligibilityQualified class 12 with at least 50% marks
Minimum age17 years of age
Exam acceptedNEET-UG
Number of seats26,949
Number of colleges313 dental colleges

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)

BAMS course is included under AYUSH courses in India. BAMS is a UG level medical course of 5.5 years of duration. BAMS graduates are employed as Ayurvedic physicians or doctors. The syllabus of the BAMS course includes the study of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery for the treatment of human disorders. Post completing BAMS candidates can pursue M.S. (Master of Surgery) and M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) in Ayurveda.

The eligibility criteria of the BAMS course is the same as of MBBS. Class 12 science students will at least 50% marks are eligible to study Ayurvedic medicine. Admission to the BAMS course is granted through the NEET exam. The admission process of the BAMS course is conducted by AYUSH Admission Central Counselling Committee (AACCC). Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, Tilak Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Pune, Patanjali Ayurved College, Haridwar are some of the leading BAMS colleges in India. The fee of the BAMS course ranges between Rs 50,000 to 70,000 annually.

BAMS course overview

ParticularsDetails
Course nameBachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Duration of course5.5 years
EligibilityPassed or appearing class 12 with minimum 50% marks (general category)
Minimum age17 years
Exam acceptedNEET

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

BHMS is a 5.5 year long UG medical course. BHMS comes under the AYUSH courses. Post completion of the BHMS course candidates is recognised as Homeopathic Doctor in India. The minimum eligibility required for pursuing a BHMS course is 40% of more marks in class 12.

AACCC offers the admission to BHMS course to eligible candidates on the basis of NEET marks. The minimum NEET-UG percentile required for the BHMS course is the 50th percentile for general and the 40th percentile for SC, ST, and OBC category candidates. There are several BHMS colleges across India. Lokmanya Homeopathic Medical college, Pune, National Institute of Homeopathy, kolkata, Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences, Vijayawada are some of the popular BHMS colleges in India.

BHMS course overview

ParticularsDetails
Course nameBachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)
Duration of course5.5 years
EligibilityQualified class 12 with minimum 50% marks (unreserved category candidates)
Minimum age17 years
Exam acceptedNEET exam

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)

BUMS is an undergraduate AYUSH course. The total duration of the BUMS degree is 5.5 years of which 1 year is a mandatory internship. The BUMS course curriculum is based on Unani methods of medical treatment. To get admission into the BUMS course,

candidates need to pass class 12 with at least 50% marks and qualify for the NEET entrance exam. The cutoff of NEET for BUMS courses is the same as BHMS AND BAMS course i.e. 50th percentile for UR candidates and 40th percentile for reserved category students. Like all other AYUSH courses, admission to BUMS courses is also conducted by AACCC.

BUMS course overview

ParticularsDetails
Course nameBachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)
Duration of course5.5 years
EligibilityStudied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology and passed class 12 with 50% marks (UR category)
Minimum age17 years
Exam acceptedNEET UG

Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery (BSMS)

BSMS is a 5.5-year long AYUSH course. Candidates who pursue a Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery are employed as doctors. Like other AYUSH courses, AACCC is the admission conducting body of BSMS courses in India.

Admission to BSMS seats is granted on the basis of the NEET-UG score. In addition to qualifying NEET exam, to pursue BSMS candidates also have to qualify for class 12 with at least 50% marks. Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur, RVS Siddha Medical College, Coimbatore, Madhya Pradesh Medical Science University, Jabalpur are some of the popular colleges offering BSMS courses.

BSMS course overview

ParticularsDetails
Course nameBachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery (BSMS)
Duration of course5.5 years
EligibilityStudied class 12 with science background
Minimum age17 years age
Exam acceptedNEET exam

7. Bachelor in Veterinary Science (B.V.Sc)

B.V.Sc is a medical course which deals with the study of veterinary medicine. During the 5.5 years of the B.V.Sc course, candidates study the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in all forms of animals. After completing the B.V.Sc course, candidates become doctors or popularly known as vets.

Admission to the B.V.Sc course is granted on the basis of the NEET exam. In addition to qualifying NEET, candidates must have scored at least 50% marks in their class 12 qualifying exam to study B.V.Sc course. The Veterinary Council of India conducts the admission of B.VSc course. In addition to NEET, there are other state-level entrance tests conducted for admission to state B.V.Sc seats. These state-level B.V.Sc entrance tests include RPVT, KEAM, KCET, and WBJEE.

B.V.Sc course overview

ParticularsDetails
Course nameBachelor in Veterinary Science (B.V.Sc)
Duration of course5.5 years
EligibilityPassed class 12 with 50% marks (General candidates)
Minimum age17 years
Exam acceptedNEET UG, RPVT, KEAM, KCET, and WBJEE
Number of seats525
Number of colleges47

8. Bachelor of Physiotherapy – B.Pth or BPT

Bachelor of Physiotherapy is a 4.5 year-long course including a six-month internship. Candidates who pursue physiotherapy are known as physiotherapists. The demand and use of physiotherapy in the treatment of disorders have increased significantly over the years. To pursue BPT, students must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in their class 12.

BPT course is offered by some of the most popular institutes in India. BPT colleges include Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, SRM Medical College Hospital, and Research Centre, Chennai, and Medical Trust Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin to name a few.

Admission to BPT courses is granted on the basis of entrance tests. While some colleges accept NEET scores for admission to UG physiotherapy courses, most of the institutes conduct their own entrance tests. It must be noted that NEET is not a mandatory exam for admission to Bachelors in Physiotherapy courses.

BPT course overview

ParticularsDetails
Course nameBachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)
Duration of course4.5 years
EligibilityPassed class 12 with 50% marks (UR candidates)
Minimum age17 years
Exam acceptedNEET UG, IPU CET, SRMJEEH, BCECE, CPNET

In addition to the above discussed popular courses, there are several other medical courses after 12th which students can pursue. A list of medical courses after the 12th which do not require the NEET exam is mentioned below. Candidates who have studied their class 12 with science subjects are eligible to pursue these medical courses. Admission to these courses in the medical field after class 12 is offered on the basis of merit or institute entrance test. Check the list of medical courses after the 12th which do not require the NEET exam below.

  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Biomedical Engineering
  • Bachelor of Science in Microbiology (Non-Clinical)
  • Bachelor of Science in Cardiac or Cardiovascular Technology
  • Bachelor of Respiratory Therapy
  • Bachelor in Psychology
  • Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Healthcare Management

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) – Medical courses after 12th in 2022 – Different types of Medicine Courses in India

Question: Is there any medical course where one can get admission without NEET?

Answer: Yes, there are various option in India for medical courses without NEET.

What is the basic eligibility for medical admission in India after 12?

Answer: Candidates are eligible to pursue these medical courses if they have completed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB).

Question: How to become MBBS doctor after class 12th?

Answer: Candidates have to qualify NEET and complete the MBBS degree succefully to become a medicine doctor.

Question: Why medical course are having a rapid growth in India?

Answer: The rapid development in this sector is fast becoming a hub for lucrative job opportunities and a promising career.

Question: What is to common entrance exam to become a doctor in India after 12th?

Answer: Candidates have to sit & qualify the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) in order to become a doctor

Medical Courses Overview

The most basic medical course available to students in India is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) which is a 5.5-year undergraduate medical degree course with a study period of 4.5 years and 1 year of compulsory internship in any of the various fields of medicine.

This course is offered to students who have successfully completed their 10+2 education in the subjects of science with a minimum score of 50% and have cleared the national entrance exam for studying medicine as a profession i.e. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). Taking this exam enables a student to either become a doctor or a dentist.

Medical courses are broadly classified into two categories:

  1. MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)
  2. BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)

The study period of an MBBS degree is divided into 9 semesters. During these semesters the students are taught various subjects like anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, microbiology, forensic medicine and toxicology, pediatrics, etc.

Medical Courses Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for an MBBS degree is as follows:

  1. The student must have completed his/her 10+2 level of education with Chemistry, Biology and Physics as compulsory subjects.
  2. The minimum score required by the student of the general category is 50% and 40% for a student belonging to the reserved category to appear for the corresponding entrance exam and pursue the course.
  3. The minimum age to apply for the course is 17 years.
  4. The maximum age to apply for the course is 25 years.
  5. The applicant must have also compulsorily cracked the entrance exam for pursuing the course further i.e. NEET.
  6. All applicants must also fulfill the additional eligibility conditions laid out for MBBS by the regulatory authorities i.e. Medical Council of India.

Medical Courses Benefits

There are a lot of benefits, both material and immaterial in pursuing a career in the field of medical science. Some of the primary benefits are:

  1. Job security
  2. Financial stability
  3. Doctors as a group are highly respected in India.
  4. A profession in the medical field is extremely rewarding.

List of Medical Courses

  1. MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)
  2. BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  3. BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
  4. BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
  5. DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
  6. BUMS (Bachelor in Unani Medicine)
  7. B.V.Sc & AH (Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry)
  8. B.Pharma (Bachelor of Pharmacy)
  9. D. Pharma (Diploma of Pharmacy)
  10. BOT (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy)
  11. BMLT (Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology)
  12. BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy)
  13. B.Sc. Nursing (Bachelor of Science in Nursing)
  14. BNYS  (Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences)

Medical Courses Admission Process

In order to get an admission in a private or government institute to pursue MBBS, a candidate must clear the NEET Examination conducted by the NTA (National Test Agency).

  1. Candidates need to register for the NEET examination by logging into the web portal and providing the necessary personal details.
  2. Once the candidate has registered, he/she needs to fill the application form by providing personal and academic details. Once the details have been filled, the candidate needs to provide the scans of all the necessary documents.
  3. After filling the form, the candidate needs to pay the NEET application fee.
  4. After the successful payment of the application fee, the candidate needs to download the confirmation page and take a printout of the application along with the confirmation page.
  5. According to the details filled by the applicant, an admit card will be issued which the candidate needs to download and take a printout in order to appear for the NEET Exam.
  6. Once the candidate appears for the NEET exam and clears it, he/she will be eligible for admission in either a government or private institute.
  7. After the exam is conducted the counseling takes place wherein the candidate can choose a college of their choice from the list of allotted colleges on the basis of the marks secured in the entrance exam.
  8. Once the candidate has chosen the college, he/she needs to physically verify the required documents and finalize the admission.

MBBS Scope, Job Opportunities And Salaries

An MBBS degree in itself enables you to secure a good job in the health and medicine sector. Alternatively, students also sometimes prefer to get a master’s degree or a degree in specialization after completing their course of MBBS.

One can grab a job in any private or government hospital after completing an MBBS course. Employment areas of MBBS include nursing homes, hospitals, laboratories, colleges, health centers, personal clinics, biotechnology companies and pharmaceutical companies.

The starting salary of an MBBS graduate ranges from 2.5 LPA to 6 LPA.

FAQ’s on Medical Courses

Question 1.
Which are the top MBBS colleges in India?

Answer:
The top five medical colleges in India are AIIMS, Armed Forces Medical College, Christian Medical College, JIPMER and St. John’s Medical College.

Question 2.
What are the minimum fees for medical colleges?

Answer:
Fees for MBBS ranges from anywhere between INR. 25,000- INR 3.5 lakhs annually.

Question 3.
What are the higher education options after MBBS?

Answer:
After obtaining a degree in MBBS one can go for a degree in MD or MS in different branches and specializations.

Question 4.
Are there any other criteria that one needs to Fulfil for admission in MBBS?

Answer:
Yes, one needs to clear the additional guidelines issued by MCI (Medical Council of India).